Tips on how to Cite Sources


The very best content material entrepreneurs aren’t afraid to share. Share content material. Share hyperlinks. Share concepts. Share information.

That mentioned, you are additionally supposed to offer credit score the place credit score is due. Studying find out how to correctly cite sources will keep away from any confusion and make sure you (and anybody you do enterprise with) is following usually accepted web sharing etiquette.
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Under is a fast information that will help you navigate citing sources in essays and throughout the web.

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Generally Used Quotation Kinds

In the event you’re already working inside a advertising and marketing group or academic establishment, it’s potential they have already got designated codecs they’d such as you to make use of for citing sources. In any other case, you’ll want to decide on one and keep it up constantly all through the supplies you’re publishing. Under are a few of the sorts of quotation types you’ll discover.

  • MLA: Created by the Fashionable Language Affiliation, MLA fashion is a set of writing requirements and pointers primarily used for citations within the humanities discipline and educational writing.
  • APA: This format relies on the Publication Handbook of the American Psychological Affiliation. The fashion is supposed for professionals and teachers in behavioral and social sciences.
  • Chicago Style: Chicago fashion citations have two strategies — One for notes and bibliography, which is commonly utilized by these within the humanities. The opposite for author-date citations which is the popular technique for these within the sciences.

Tips on how to Cite Sources in an Essay

When tasked with writing an essay, you’ll probably be utilizing one of many quotation types above. Let’s have a look at a couple of examples to point out you simply find out how to do it. For simplicity, we’ll keep on with formatting for in-text citations.


For citing sources in-text, MLA fashion is marked through the use of parentheses containing both the creator of the quote or reference and the web page quantity the reference is pulled from.

This instance is pulled from an essay featured on MLA’s website.

Image Source

If the creator is talked about in-text, you may omit it within the quotation and simply use the web page quantity like on this instance under.

how to cite sources in an essay: MLAImage Source


For in-text APA citations, use the creator’s final identify and publish date of the fabric you’re referencing. If pulling a direct quote, embody the web page quantity as nicely.

how to cite sources in an essay: APAImage Source

Chicago Fashion

Since we’re sticking with in-text citations, we’ll cowl the author-date format of chicago fashion citations. These citations included the creator (or authors), publish date, and web page quantity the reference is pulled from. Take this instance from Murdoch University:

how to cite sources in an essay: Chicago StyleImage Source

Along with citing sources in-text, essays additionally generally require a separate works cited web page with a full record of the sources you used. It’s vital to notice that various kinds of publications may have totally different pointers for every quotation fashion, so examine the specifics of every earlier than publishing your essay. 

Tips on how to Cite Sources in Weblog Posts & Lengthy-Kind Content material Belongings

Blogs are hotbeds of supply attribution points, most likely simply because of the sheer quantity of content material the format presents. Gated and long-form content material belongings are vulnerable to the identical attribution points, too, however maybe to a lesser extent for the reason that quantity is often decrease, and turnaround occasions longer. So let’s stroll by means of a pair frequent situations bloggers come throughout and work out find out how to deal with them — however keep in mind you may apply these attribution strategies to your long-form content material belongings, too.

Quotation Situation #1:

Let‘s say you’re quoting one other blogger in your submit — hey, generally you actually could not have mentioned it higher your self. To begin with, you must truly quote them. Do not simply take their phrases and undertake them as your individual; they took time to consider that clarification.

However there‘s nonetheless some web etiquette that goes together with quoting somebody different than simply throwing some citation marks round their assertion. Right here’s an internet-friendly approach to quote somebody in your content material (taken from a weblog submit of ours):

blog quote%20citation


Not solely does Natasha Pierre get credit score for her quote, however her firm is talked about with hyperlinked textual content to her web site. As an added bonus, you may choose to hyperlink to the individual‘s social media deal with — in no way needed, however definitely a pleasant gesture. Except for mentioning the individual’s identify, it is also good to offer them with an inbound hyperlink — both to the web page from which you drew your quote, or to a different significant web page on their website.

One factor to bear in mind when quoting textual content from another person’s web site is that many corporations have content material utilization pointers that can let you understand how, or if, they need you to make use of their content material. Take a look at HubSpot’s content usage guidelinesto get an concept what these may appear like,however in a nutshell, they‘re the rules laid out to attempt to make sure you use the best stuff in the best means. For instance, oneof the notable components of our content material utilization pointers is you could quote our content material in your web site, however solely as much as 75 phrases; that is to stop duplicate content material points that might affect each our personal natural search rankings, and the opposite web site’s. So when quoting content material from one other supply, do a fast examine to see whether or not they have related pointers to which it is best to adhere.

Quotation Situation #2:

Now let‘s say you will have information you’d prefer to cite in a weblog submit. What do you do? This:

blog quote citation%202


The copy across the statistic not solely provides credit score to the corporate that printed the info, however Wordstream additionally receives a hyperlink again to their website. That hyperlink, nonetheless, shouldn’t simply go to their homepage. Level that hyperlink to the precise web page on which that information lives. That is for the advantage of the reader, too, to allow them to dig into the analysis extra in the event that they’re so inclined.

Quotation Situation #3:

There‘s one remaining caveat to your weblog submit/long-form citations that’s only a matter of correct web etiquette. In the event you discovered a quote, article, or information level by way of one other web site, it’s good to point that within the copy. For instance, for those who’re newsjacking and also you discovered the story by way of one other web site, give them a nod that they‘re those who broke the story initially. Or, for those who’re studying a weblog submit and there‘s a very compelling quote contained therein from an trade influencer, it’s good to offer credit score to the blogger that referred to as that out. You may phrase it like this:

“Right now we discovered by way of the <hyperlink>New York Occasions</hyperlink> that <hyperlink>Twitter</hyperlink> is hiring a brand new kind of CTO — their first ever Chief Tweeting Officer.”

The NYT hyperlink ought to head to the article they printed on the topic, and the Twitter hyperlink ought to head to their weblog submit or press launch saying the information.

Make sense? Alright, on to social media.

Tips on how to Cite Sourcesin Social Media

While you‘re sharing another person’s content material in social media, the method you’re taking to offer correct credit score adjustments relying on the social community. Here is the breakdown:

To Cite Somebody’s Content material on X (Previously Twitter):

Merely embody a “by way of @username” someplace within the submit. In the event you‘re reposting somebody’s content material however you edit their unique, remember to change “RT” to “MT,” which stands for “modified tweet.”

To Cite Somebody’s Content material on Fb:

Fb makes it fairly simple to offer credit score whenever you‘re sharing another person’s content material proper from their very own timeline — they’ve a ‘Share’ button prepared and ready for you, and so they make it simple to see the originating URL, originating sharer, in addition to the names of people that shared it.

how to cite sources on social media: facebook

In the event you‘re citing content material from elsewhere on the internet, however wish to give attribution to a different individual or firm, you could find that individual/firm on Fb and hyperlink to their Fb Timeline within the standing replace. It’ll appear like this (be aware the WordStream hyperlink within the picture under).

how to cite sources on social media:

In the event you‘re sharing content material from one other supply and so they don’t have a Fb web page, then the hyperlink to their piece of content material will suffice.

To Cite Sourceson LinkedIn:

Correct supply attribution on LinkedIn is straightforward. Simply embody the hyperlink to the content material you are citing within the replace, and point out the individual or firm identify.

To Cite SourcesContent on Pinterest:

Pinterest is all about content material sharing, so it‘s no surprise correct supply attribution is constructed proper into the platform with their “Repin” button. While you go to repin content material, nonetheless, generally the unique creator has included a URL, hashtag, or different indicator of authorship. Don’t edit that hyperlink out — it is poor kind.

And entrepreneurs, beware. In the event you embody your hyperlink within the “Description” part of your pin, you might get flagged as a spammer.

Tips on how to Give Credit score to Visitor Authorsand Ghost Writers

Sustaining a weblog takes assist, generally from visitor authors orghost writers. In the event you‘re utilizing a ghost author, you don’t have to offer credit score to that creator. That‘s the entire level. They’re ghosts. You’ll be able to’t see them.

However for those who‘re publishing a submit from a visitor blogger, you definitely needs to be giving them credit score for his or her efforts. In a couple of methods, truly. Right here’s what you need to be doing to offer an e-nod to these writers:

Some corporations additionally define very detailed visitor running a blog insurance policies. In the event you’re involved about mitigating the variations of opinion on a few of these points, ensure you write out your individual detailed visitor running a blog insurance policies on your web site so expectations are arrange entrance.

Tips on how to Cite Pictures and Visible Content material

In the event you‘re a daily reader of this weblog, you understand we’re behind sharing the wealth in terms of visible content material advertising and marketing — and we adore it much more for those who can provide credit score to the unique artist correctly. Right here‘s when you could give credit score, whenever you don’t, and find out how to do it.

To Cite Visualizations, SlideShares, and Infographics:

In the event you‘ve discovered an infographic or visualization on one other website that you just’d prefer to function in your web site, it is best to deal with it just like the way you‘d deal with citing another content material in your web site. Merely embody a hyperlink to the unique supply’s web site the place that visible lives, and embody their identify within the textual content.

how to cite sources for images


You must also attempt your finest to uphold picture high quality when republishing their visible content material — if the web site has embed code for that visible, use that code. That is why we attempt to make some extent of making embed code once we create visuals (and why we love that YouTube and SlideShare make it simple to seize embed code). It makes sharing simpler for people who select to republish the visible, and helps them preserve the standard and backbone within the course of. If embed code is not supplied, you may also embody directions like “click on to enlarge” for static photographs — this helps make sure the visible suits the width of your web site, however nonetheless offers a very good reader expertise.

To Cite SourcesInside a SlideShare, Infographic, or Visualization:

And what occurs for those who employed a designer to create one thing on your website — how do you give credit score to the designer? Nicely, it will depend on the phrases you‘ve labored out collectively. You could possibly rent a ghost designer (sort of like ghost writers) in order that the content material seems prefer it was designed in-house by your organization. In that case, you don’t have to fret about attributing the design work to anybody. If, nonetheless, you‘ve agreed to offer credit score to a designer, there needs to be some area within the visible (not so much, however some) that offers them credit score for his or her work. Right here’s an instance of how we gave credit score to the designer in considered one of our infographics — take a look at the underside left:

how to cite sources on infographics

And what occurs for those who cite content material from different sources in your infographic? Use that backside part for that, too. Here is an instance:

how to cite sources on images

If the record of supply URLs is getting too unwieldy, you may also arrange a URL to ship individuals to for the sources:

Screen Shot 2015 06 29 at 4.05.59 PM

And bear in mind, for those who‘re making a SlideShare, you benefit from with the ability to make hyperlinks clickable throughout the SlideShare. In the event you’d like directions for doing that, check out this blog post — however this implies you could deal with supply content material in a SlideShare with the identical stage of respect you deal with supply content material in a weblog submit or elsewhere in your web site.

Tips on how to Cite Pictures and Different Pictures:

Very like your infographics and visualizations, the way you cite images and pictures featured in your web site will depend on the place you sourced them. While you purchase inventory imagery, it is license free. You got it, you personal it, and you are able to do what you need with it.

However many entrepreneurs are looking for photographs for content material comparable to weblog posts, and don‘t wantto pay for a inventory photograph each single time. Some individuals go to Google Pictures and easily discover a picture they like … factor is, all these photographs have various ranges of permissions. So whereas it could be okay that a few of them are used in your weblog or web site, that’s not universally true of all of them.

Some entrepreneurs have began to make use ofCreative Commons to take care of this situation as a result of they’ve filters that permit you choose photographs you may “use for industrial functions” and/or “modify, adapt, or construct upon.” Sadly, you may’t at all times belief these filters — customers have been identified to add images and pictures that maybe they have the license to make use of, however you don’t. So if you wish to be completely protected, I like to recommend buying a license to a inventory photograph website. There are additionally some free inventory photograph sources, like HubSpot’s free stock photosandDeath to the Stock Photo, you could take a look at for those who’re on a good price range.

The Caveat (There‘s All the time a Caveat, Isn’t There?)

After all, some individuals who have content material on-line, together with some entrepreneurs, don’t wish to share content material in any respect and can get very upset for those who accomplish that — even for those who give them full and beneficiant credit score for it, hyperlinks and all. What occurs whenever you share content material from them? Nicely, it‘s potential they’ll contact you to take it down. Or, if they’ve the assets, they‘ll ship a lawyer to take action. If that occurs to you, I like to recommend respecting the truth that they don’t wish to share information, quotes, visualization, and so on. — it is most likely not definitely worth the headache to struggle it.

Editor’s Observe: This submit was initially printed in August 2012and has been up to date for freshness, accuracy, and comprehensiveness.

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